Bug 91683 - Textures are blocky in Crusader Kings 2
Summary: Textures are blocky in Crusader Kings 2
Alias: None
Product: Mesa
Classification: Unclassified
Component: Drivers/DRI/i965 (show other bugs)
Version: git
Hardware: Other All
: medium normal
Assignee: Intel 3D Bugs Mailing List
QA Contact: Intel 3D Bugs Mailing List
Depends on:
Reported: 2015-08-18 18:25 UTC by Pavel Ondračka
Modified: 2019-09-25 18:54 UTC (History)
1 user (show)

See Also:
i915 platform:
i915 features:

screenshot with bad and expected rendering (404.77 KB, image/jpeg)
2015-08-18 18:25 UTC, Pavel Ondračka

Description Pavel Ondračka 2015-08-18 18:25:05 UTC
Created attachment 117772 [details]
screenshot with bad and expected rendering

Textures are blocky in Crusader Kings 2, on my Broadwell GT2. My guess is the texture filtering isn't working properly (or maybe antialiasing, dunno).

Attached is a screenshot of rendering with i965 and compared to expected rendering (obtained with radeonsi driver).

apitrace here: http://pavel.ondracka.cz/ck2.trace

My system:
GPU: Mesa DRI Intel(R) HD Graphics 5500 (Broadwell GT2)
mesa: 8f7ebcb6fad53ea6d2f80fc5b7a046db07690032
libdrm: ab2fadabde3829b1ec56bd4756165dd9bd281488
xf86-video-intel: 18e484502727f2e2e16138a3de5b6727f3879a2b (dri3 + sna)
kernel: 4.1.4-200.fc22.x86_64
Comment 1 Matt Turner 2017-03-22 05:21:13 UTC
I think this is still a problem -- it's kind of hard to tell on a hidpi screen.
Comment 2 Pavel Ondračka 2017-03-22 07:03:55 UTC
(In reply to Matt Turner from comment #1)
> I think this is still a problem -- it's kind of hard to tell on a hidpi
> screen.

Yes, definitely still a problem.
Comment 3 Jakub Szuppe 2017-04-10 12:19:41 UTC
We are working on this bug at StreamComputing. It occurs on i965 driver and llvmpipe (using the recent Mesa version from git, Skylake and Ivy Bridge).
Comment 4 Jakub Szuppe 2017-06-08 09:17:53 UTC
Tested hardware: Intel(R) HD Graphics 530 (Skylake GT2)

Mesa version: Mesa 17.1.0-devel (git-a2db9f9) (Yes, old, but we did this when it was the newest commit.)

We confirmed error on:  
* Mesa DRI Intel(R) HD Graphics 530 (Skylake GT2) (Intel DRI)
* Gallium 0.4 on llvmpipe (LLVM 3.8, 256 bits)

It looks ok on NVIDIA drivers.

We found when rendered image stops looking OK:
In frame 940 up to the call 2255268  (including) image looks ok, starting with next call - it looks "blocky". It seemed that program 163 does something bad.

We think that it's a bug in the shader code (vertex shader 165, program 163).

Commenting out VertexOut.uv += vHalfPixelOffset_Axis.xy; (line 405) in vertex shader 165 (program 163) in call 1848358, fixes the problem. Setting the offset to 0 also works.

In our opinion, this offset (vHalfPixelOffset) should be 0.0 in OpenGL, and it's probably a legacy workaround for D3D9.

Full explanation:

Comparing to OpenGL and D3D10+, D3D9 has a different behaviour:

https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc308049(VS.85).aspx (the note in the beginning)

In this case we have 1 triangle with coordinates:

[3, -1], [-1, -1], [-1, 3]
VertexOut.uv = ( VertexIn.position + 1.0f ) * 0.5f; will give us texture coordinates:

[2, 0], [0, 0], [0, 2]
After clipping this triangle by a viewport we will get a full-screen rectangle:

[-1, -1], [1, 1] - positions of its corners in screen space
[0, 0], [1, 1] - uv
In OpenGL every fragment will already have texture coordinates perfectly mapped to centers of texels (0.5, 1.5, 2.5 and so on).

Adding the vHalfPixelOffset will return values right between texels (i.e. on their borders), and considering that there is a small precision loss, the values will be, for example, 1.0, 1.99999, 2.0, 3.00001, 4.0, 4.9999. 

GL_NEAREST is a simple flooring operation (because it returns the nearest texel using its center), so in the example above the texels will be 1, 1, 2, 3, 4, 4.

Radeon on Mesa has no visible artefacts but all resulting pixels are moved by one for x and y (comparing to the source texture). Maybe it returns something like 1.0001, 2.00001, 3.0001... (i.e. always equal to or a bit more than an integer), we are not sure. We did not checke how Radeon on Catalyst works.

Kind regards,
Stream HPC Team
Comment 5 Pavel Ondračka 2017-06-16 17:28:42 UTC
Thanks for the analysis, I'm not sure if you already reported this to the developers, but I created a thread about this on the game forum, we shall see if there is any response.

Comment 6 oleksandr.nikitin 2018-05-04 07:29:03 UTC
Bug is reproduced.
Information on the configuration of a computer: 
- Ubuntu Linux Version 16.04 64-bit
- 4.13.0-38-generic
- Intel® HD Graphics 620 (Kaby Lake GT2)
- Intel® Core™ i7-7500U CPU @ 2.70GHz × 4 
Tested with mesa 17.3.9 and 18.1.0.
If I correct described shader textures become normal.
Looks like this is a game bug.
Comment 7 Pavel Ondračka 2018-05-04 07:39:15 UTC
Yeah, unfortunately the developers response was that the Intel GPUs are not supported. so unless we can reproduce this with some other card (AMD cards are not affected, and I don't have any NVIDIA card), there is probably nothing we can do.
Comment 8 GitLab Migration User 2019-09-25 18:54:27 UTC
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